Cooking Terminologies | Important Cooking Terms [Culinary Terminology]

Cooking Terminologies
Cooking Terminologies

We use different cooking terminologies or culinary terms in our kitchen. If we know these terms it will help us to understand a recipe easier. In our cooking time, we use different culinary terminology, different cutting terms, different shapes, different terms for mixing. There are different culinary terms for different cuisines. Like Fench cuisine uses french culinary terms.

Here are some cooking terminologies for you:

Cooking terminologies in Cooking Terms:

Different Cooking Terms
Different Cooking Terms

Baking:  To cook food with dry heat, normally in the oven. Baking can be done with coal or hot stones. Some examples of baking products are cake, cookies, bread, etc.

Barbecue:  To grill meat or fish outdoors use wood fire or an open burner using charcoal. This type of cooking is usually slow and long, but it gives direct heat to the food. BBQ food is favored by everyone because of its smokey smell.

Baste: To keep the food with gravy while cooking or to prevent it from drying in the pan. To make the meat moist, pour fat or juice over the meat during the cooking.

Blanch:  To cook slightly by putting into the full boiled water. This style of cooking is followed in South Asian countries, like Japan, Korea, and China.

Boil: To heat any liquid item or water until bubbles break on the surface. In the case of oil, it is seen when a drop of water or salt is put in it.

Broil:  To cook or grill under strong and direct heat.

Fry:  To cook in hot oil. Cooking in a pan with a low layer of oil is called Pan-frying or Sautéing. Cooking in one to two-inch layers of hot oil is called Shallow-frying. Cooking in deep hot oil is called Deep-frying.

Glaze:  To apply a thin glossy layer of sugar syrup for making the food crispy and sweetened.

Gratin:  To bake a cooked dish with a golden/brown crust of cheese, bread crumbs, or sauce on top of the food.

Grill:  To cook with intense heat on an open burner or maybe grilled inside the oven.

Pan-Broil:  To cook in a hot uncovered fry pan, while the oil or fat can be poured off as it accumulates.

Parboil:  To partially cook an item through boiling, or to blanch. Usually, this procedure is followed by seasoning an item before final cooking.

Pinch:  A pinch is a very little amount of tiny particles like salt, spice, etc that can be held between thumb and forefinger.

Planked:  It means the food is cooked on a thick hardwood plank.

Poach:  To cook very gently, like egg-poach, while its hot liquid is kept inside covering the slightly hard portion.

Render:  To melt solid fat into liquid by heating slowly.

Roast:  To cook meat, potato, or other solid food by dry heat in an oven.

Sauté:  To fry food in a low layer of oil.

Scald:  To reduce temperature just below the boiling point, so that bubbles do not break.

Sear:  To turn food color quickly into brown by intense heat. This method increases shrinkage but develops flavor and improves appearance.

Sift:  To add one or more grated or ground dry ingredients through a sieve.

Simmer:  To cook over low heat, usually liquid at a temperature of about 180°. Bubbles at the surface of the liquid should break slowly.

Steam:  To cook over steam or inside a pressure cooker. The heat from steam can be taken by putting a rack inside a deep dish with boiling water and a sealed cover or allowing the stem to pass through a hole in the top cover.

Stew:  To simmer a small amount of liquid slowly and for a long time.

Culinary Terms: Terms for Different Shapes or Forms of food

5 importance of cookery

Beat:  To mix an egg or other food mixture rapidly for making foamy or smooth and light mixture by blocking air into the mixture.

Clarify:   To separate a liquid from its solid content, and give it a clear liquid form.

Cream:   The soft and foamy form of butter or egg and sugar. The cream is prepared by beating with egg bitter or manually by beating continually with a spoon for making the food ingredients smooth and soft. It is applied to other food, like cake, custard, or such deserts.

Degrease:   To extract fat from the top surface of soup, stews, or stock. Normally the boiled liquid fatty food is cooled in a refrigerator to allow forming fat at the top. So that the layer of fat can be removed easily.

Knead:   To press the dough with hand palms and fingers as much as possible or use any other mechanical pressing and rotating machine until the gluten in the flour is developed. Example: paratha dough.

Lukewarm:   Neither warm nor hot; almost same as the body temperature.

Puree:   Mashed foods either through boiling or using a hand, or by rubbing through a sieve or food mill, or by whirling in a blender, or food processor.

Plump:  To soak dried fruits in water or another liquid food item until they are softened.

Skim:  To remove fat or other impurities from the surface while cooking with a view to producing a clear and clean liquid form of the food.

Steep:   To boil a food item in fully boiled water with a view to change the color, flavor, or other qualities.

Sterilize:   To destroy micro-organisms of any item by flushing in boiled water, or dry heating, or putting in the steam.

Truss:   To secure chicken or poultry with string or skewers, so that the shape is not broken while cooking.

Whip:   To create foam or expansion of an item such as cream or egg whites through rapidly beating or using a beater machine.

Cooking Terminologies: Mixing and Cooking Terms

Mixing And Cooking Terms

Batter: It is a liquid mixture of flour with water or milk, or another ingredient. It should be thin enough to pour.

Blend:  To crash into powder or liquid mixture of one or more ingredients through heavy grinding or by use of blender machine.

Caramelize:  To form sugar into liquid brown form through boiling for getting a special taste.

Dissolve:  To mix any dry food item into a solution of a liquid, so that the dry item is no more visible.

Dredge:    To sprinkle the coating of flour or crushed bread on the outer surface of other prepared food before cooking.

Drizzle:   To sprinkle a few drops of liquid lightly over some prepared food irregularly.

Garnish:  To decorate a food dish to increase its attraction. Slices of vegetables, lemon, fried onion, fruit, etc can be used for garnishing.

Marinate:   To soak, brush or season meat, poultry, seafood in the liquid mixture of other food ingredients with a view to softening their fleshes and allowing other ingredients to be absorbed by the main food item.

Meunier:   Scour with flour and sautéd in egg crumb or butter.

Mix:   To combine ingredients usually by stirring.

Pickle:  Preserve vegetables and fruits in saltwater.

Stir:   To mix ingredients properly with a circular motion or to maintain even heating while cooking.

Terms for Different Cutting of Food in Culinary Terminologies

Different Cuts
Different Shape

Chop:  To cut solid food items into small pieces with a sharp knife or another chopping machine. Usually, onion, tomato, green chili, coriander leaves, etc. are chopped and used for cooking.

Dice:  To cut solid food items into a small cube shape. Usually, a Dicer machine is used to keep the uniform size.

Fillet:   To make pieces of fish or meat flesh, usually flat type pieces removed from bones of meat or fish.

Flake:   To break a food item into small pieces.

Grate:   To create various irregular-shaped small pieces of a food item using a hand grater.

Grind:   To create tiny particles of a solid food item using a hand grinder or mechanical grinding machine.

Julienne:   To cut onion, cheese, vegetables, fruits, etc. into thin slices.

Mince:   To cut or chop food into extremely small pieces.

Pare:   To remove the outermost skin of a fruit or vegetable.

Peel:   To remove the complete skin or peels from vegetables or fruits.

Pit:   To remove pits (deep part) from fruits; for example apples, pineapple have pits.

Score:   To cut narrow grooves or slashes through the outer surface of the food.

Shred:   To cut or tear into small, long, narrow pieces.

I hope these cooking terminologies will help you a lot. If you want to chop easily in a few seconds, you can use Ninja Chopper. I love Ninja chopper for chopping any kinds of vegetables and food.

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Sultana Parvin, the owner of this site ( is a passionate recipe builder with thorough knowledge of food, nutrition, and dietary needs for people of different ages and different physical conditions. She has contributed her creative recipes to different food and recipe sites, e-books, and magazines. Sultana is widely experienced on different menu and food courses. With her amazing cooking expertise and innovative ideas, she has been writing various food recipes, particularly those Bangladeshi and Indian traditional main and side dishes like: vegetarian, chicken, meat, fish, desert, rice, noodles, cakes, cookies, soup, smoothies etc. Sultana possesses in depth knowledge on foods’ nutrition value and other relevant contents, such as calorie, carbohydrate, fat, sugar, fiber, sodium, protein etc. of a wide variety of food items. In addition to the taste of food items, Sultana analyses psychology and taste of different categories and ages of people while developing her food recipes. Publications of Sultana Parvin: Sultana wrote a number of Recipe Books, among those following recipe books have been published in ** Yummy Vegetable Recipes: Delicious Indian Vegetable Dishes ** Authentic Indian Vegetable Dishes **30 Diabetic and Heart Healthy Indian Food Recipes with Nutritional Detail Sultana edited a famous recipe book, namely “Flavors of India and Africa” written by Khatun Gulamani of California, USA.