# Some Food Measurement Tips

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## Abbreviations of Units for Recipes and Food Measurement

For all of us who have a knack of following recipes in any international standard books, journals or websites, we need to know the short forms of measurement units and other cooking or preservation quantum. These are quite short and simple forms of words used for measurement. But if you are not oriented with these abbreviated forms of units, at times you may find it difficult to follow your favorite recipe of dietary instructions. Here are some measurement tips which are important.

In most cases, ingredients of food recipes are measured by teaspoon, tablespoon or cups instead of other units of measurement. There are also standard sizes of the measurement tools. However, for larger quantities, grams/kilograms, ounce, pounds, pint, quarts etc are also used as the measurement unit. Let us see how these are shown in short form and how they relate to each other.

t = teaspoon

T = tablespoon

C = cup

Oz= ounce

L = litre

1. Oz = fluid ounce

lb= pound

g= gram

pt= pint

qt= quart

ml= milliliter

F = Fahrenheit

C = Celsius

### Equivalents to Common Household Measures

1 pinch= 1/8 t

3t= 1T

16T= 1C

8 oz= 1C

2c= 1 pint= 500ml (American)

1 gill= 5 oz

## Equivalent liquid Measures

4 quart or 1 gallon= 3.8 L

1 litter= 1000 ml

1 quart or 4 cups= 0.946 L

3 cups= 700 ml

2 cups= 475 ml

1 cup= 226.5 ml

¾ cup= 180 ml

2/3 cup= 160 ml

½ cup= 120 ml

1/3 cup= 80 ml

¼ cup= 60 ml

1 fl. oz or 1/8 cup= 28.35 ml (approx. 30 ml)

1 T or ½ fl oz= 14.8 ml (about 15 ml)

1t= 5 ml

## Weight Equivalents

1 kg= 2.2 pounds= 1000 g

453.6 g (approx. 450 g) = 1 lb

28.35 g (approx. 30 g) = 1 oz

## Measuring Tip: Oven Temperatures

(To convert degree F to degree C: Subtract 32, multiply by 5 and divide by 9

To convert degree C to degree F: multiply by 9, divide by 5 and add 32)

1) Very slow 225-250° F (110° C)

2) Slow 275° F (135° C)

3) Warm 300-325° F (160° C)

4) Moderately hot 375-400° F (200° C)

5) Moderate hot 350° F (175° C)

6) Hot 425° F (220° C)

7) Very hot 450-475° F (240° C)

Broiling 500° F (260° C)

Frying temperature 325-375° F (175° C)