Some food measurement tips

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Abbreviations of Units for Recipes and Food Measurement

For all of us who have a knack of following recipes in any international standard books, journals or websites, we need to know the short forms of measurement units and other cooking or preservation quantum. These are quite short and simple forms of words used for measurement. But if you are not oriented with these abbreviated forms of units, at times you may find difficult to follow your favorite recipe of dietary instructions. Here are si=ome measurement tips which are important.

In most cases, ingredients of food recipes are measured by teaspoon, tablespoon or cups instead of other units of measurement. There are also standard sizes of the measurement tools. However, for larger quantities, grams/kilograms, ounce, pounds, pint, quarts etc are also used as the measurement unit. Let us see how these are shown in short form and how they relate to each other.

t = teaspoon

T = tablespoon

C = cup

Oz= ounce

L = litre

  1. Oz = fluid ounce

lb= pound

g= gram

pt= pint

qt= quart

ml= milliliter

F = Fahrenheit

C = Celsius

Measurement machine
Measurement machine

Equivalents to Common Household Measures

1 pinch= 1/8 t

3t= 1T

16T= 1C

8 oz= 1C

2c= 1 pint= 500ml (American)

1 gill= 5 oz

Cups Tablespoons Teaspoons
1 16 48
¾ 12 36
2/3 11 32
½ 8 24
1/3 5 16
¼ 4 12
1/8 2 6
1/16 1 3

 

Equivalent liquid Measures

 

4 quart or 1 gallon= 3.8 L

1 litter= 1000 ml

1 quart or 4 cups= 0.946 L

3 cups= 700 ml

2 cups= 475 ml

1 cup= 226.5 ml

¾ cup= 180 ml

2/3 cup= 160 ml

½ cup= 120 ml

1/3 cup= 80 ml

¼ cup= 60 ml

1 fl. oz or 1/8 cup= 28.35 ml (approx. 30 ml)

1 T or ½ fl oz= 14.8 ml (about 15 ml)

1t= 5 ml

Weight Equivalents

1 kg= 2.2 pounds= 1000 g

453.6 g (approx. 450 g) = 1 lb

28.35 g (approx. 30 g) = 1 oz

Ingredients 1 cup ½ cup
All purpose flour 120 gm 60 gm
Rice(uncooked) 200 gm 100 gm
Sugar 200gm 100 gm
Sugar(powdered) 120 gm 60 gm
Lentils 200 gm 100 gm
Butter 240 gm 120 gm
Macaroni 140 gm 70 gm
Salt 300 gm 150 gm
Cheese(grated) 90 gm 45 gm
Vegetables(chopped) 150 gm 75 gm
Egg(large) 200 gm 100 gm
Oil 237 ml 116 ml
Peas 144 gm 72 gm

 

Oven Temperatures

(To convert degree F to degree C: Subtract 32, multiply by 5 and divide by 9

To convert degree C to degree F: multiply by 9, divide by 5 and add 32)

1) Very slow 225-250° F (110° C)

2) Slow 275° F (135° C)

3) Warm 300-325° F (160° C)

4) Moderately hot 375-400° F (200° C)

5) Moderate hot 350° F (175° C)

6) Hot 425° F (220° C)

7) Very hot 450-475° F (240° C)

Broiling 500° F (260° C)

Frying temperature 325-375° F (175° C)

 

Measurement tip
Oven
Fahrenheit Celsius
275 140
300 150
325 160
350 180
375 190
400 200
425 210
450 220
475 240

 

Cake tin size

Cake tin
Cake tin
Inch cm
10 25
9 23
8 20